Physiotherapy works in different ways, and how it is used depends on the area of the body affected. When it is used prior to surgery, it can help to strengthen or mobilise particular joints in the body, for instance, which can speed up recovery rates and improve an outcome following surgery.
Research conducted in Australia showed that pre-operative balance activities, aerobic exercises, lower-limb strengthening and lower-limb stretching helped to improve post-surgery outcome rates with a group of patients.
Most notably, researchers also recorded improved rates of confidence amongst pre-operative physiotherapy patients. Other benefits may include improved general fitness and endurance, muscular strength and cardiovascular fitness.
When an individually tailored pre-operative physiotherapy programme is devised by a trained practitioner, often in conjunction with other medics, it can offer a patient immense benefit by improving the outcome and recovery following the surgery.
One of the biggest roles that physiotherapy can play is to help assist patients either before or after they have had surgery. There are many benefits to be gained from conducting both pre- and post-operative physiotherapy, with both patients and practitioners noting improved rates of recovery and healing following the operation.
Physiotherapy can help educate and inform a patient about how to follow a carefully managed route to recovery and get the best outcome following the procedure. This may involve a tailored exercise programme that builds up strength levels over time to fit in with what the patient can personally manage and feel comfortable with, as well as any specific occupational therapy needs they might have.
Pre and post-operative physiotherapy can help to reduce stiffness in the operative site and improve mobility. Regular physiotherapy sessions can help to reduce pain and swelling as well as promote wound healing.
Effective physiotherapy management before and after an operation should be co-ordinated with guidance from both expert physiotherapists and the medical team involved with the procedure, as well as in accordance with clinical guidelines.
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